tv [untitled] April 1, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT
live from moscow t. this is the weekly top stories now this nation supporting syria's revolution needs in turkey to thrash out plans to help the opposition cross a port as the bashar al assad protesting against the tools are dispersed by turkish police. mike exchange between barack obama didn't even have leads to anti russian rhetoric among america's republican presidential candidates the trend of moscow's condemned as cold war hollywood cliche. and spain drops its tough as budget cuts in decades despite a nationwide strike
a mass protest that resulted in by clashes with police and dozens of arrests. special report from the scene of some of the worst fighting in the u.s. iraq war though the sounds of battle died down years ago the weapons used have left behind a deadly legacy that's our special report next and that's it from the news team for the moment sean thomas will be back with more in half an hour from now. fallujah west of baghdad. the rebels bastion seems to be awakening the day after an earthquake. eight years after the war its inhabitants are still living on the ruins. it for the hospital doctors are fighting another war. today as every day the maternal family is on
a work at the former baby has just been born the fifth this week this newborn is suffering from a serious malformations the doctors think he will survive but he may never be able to walk. on the other side it's. unlikely he needs an operation at the moment he's much too weak for us to move forward with surgery so we have him on observation are we have seen many other types of deformities he's not alone some are more severe than others we have something that is born without skulls without organs and sometimes with their legs totally twisted hard a look at his little legs the mother of this baby is in shock this woman has had three children before this was all born without any health problems this deformed baby is the first such case in her family but there's
a dramatic rise in such phenomena and faluting one birth and five now exhibits congenital malformation. this doctor sees only one possible solution and it is radical i am myself. and i'm from rich. and since you two are not my baby. how did it come to this all these babies were born after two thousand and four when fallujah endured one of the most violent battles ever witnessed on iraqi soil bombs and shells rained down on the signal for several weeks fifteen thousand coalition soldiers were marshal to crush the lucia facing them were two thousand iraqi resistance fighters armed with coalition cars and rocket launchers a u.s. air force truck hundreds of tons of bombs. like. these pictures show fireballs falling on the city this is white phosphorus a chemical incendiary weapon today this bombing is said to have caused the
affirmations and the children of illusion. baghdad winter two thousand and eleven how can you tell whether a city is no longer at war perhaps by observing the passers by crisscrossing the streets in iraq peace is gradually settling but the stench of war is still noticeable. the iraqi capital alternates between days of violence and days of peoples the u.s. army is committed to point out of the country by december the police and the iraqi army will step into the chills. these traffic jams are an indicator of peace in
iraq. the city seems revived with businesses springing up once again and residents doing their shopping in the city center. a city center that is returning to its pre-war opulence. but is the war really over though the situation in baghdad has improved other cities have been tossed into the garbage fallujah for instance my parents' home town after the war the city was totally cut off only the inhabitants have a right to come and go freely. so i like them but i have family and friends there and i speak iraqi arabic i make contact with a friend of lucia. chemistry across this country pick you up and we'll go wherever you want. this is eunice he's thirty two years old a former football player for lucia and i want to point out that i first met him
while doing a news report four years ago it was he who called my attention to the seriously before babies he came to baghdad to fetch me because it's not possible for me to get a flu shot without his help. this road is closely monitored in traveling the fifty kilometers that separate baghdad from fallujah we go through more than twenty checkpoints this city is located in the middle of the sunni triangle also called the triangle of death by the americans some fifteen hundred u.s. soldiers have been killed in this region one third of the american casualties in iraq. flew joe was the first city to fight back against american occupation. and found fame by throwing them out of town and of great loss of life. so much so that the people wondered how a small city like fallujah could resist against the world's most powerful army.
in march two thousand and four four mercenaries under contract to the us army were killed in their vehicle on the outskirts of town their mutilated bodies were dragged through the streets then hung under this bridge as trophies it was one of the very first acts of violence against the united states these pictures were soon seen all over the world it was the start of an escalation that culminated in the battle of fallujah in november two thousand and four the death toll list of one hundred thirty four g i's and thirty five hundred iraqis saluja became a symbol of the revolt accordingly the army imposed very strict checks in the city the fingerprints and retina scans of every last inhabitant were recorded on u.s. army files never has any town undergone such treatment. residents were
even issued with biometric id cards. this paginate was made to answer a leaflet. seven years later the badges are no longer needed the city is now under the control of the iraqi army but flugel remains the hardest place in the country to get into. i think if you need a guarantor to enter and you must be from fallujah i've been asked to be responsible for you for safety reasons so you can't just walk into flagella no no not like that. as we approach the city the tension mounts and the car no stop filming put the camera down. here we are at the entrance to fallujah one hundred meters from a border post within a country. the iraqi army is checking each car that passes to take
any camera you need special permission and an armed escort. to give us freedom of movement we'd rather enter legally. as there are several cars in front of us and we're in the third one we're waiting come and fetch us. thanks to abu yunus one of the soldiers with us through it for his own safety we don't film him. after an hour's wait we finally passed through the checkpoint. welcome to fallujah three hundred thousand inhabitants considered the most dangerous city in iraq. nothing here has really changed since the battle life goes on the streets are teeming with the traces of war still here and the iraqi soldiers carry on patrol.
in this prison town it's hard to keep a low profile if you're carrying a camera so to keep us safe as we move around with influenza as follows close behind will be our guardian angel. this neighborhood is one of the hardest hit by the bombing half the buildings are in ruins not one wall has been spared by bullets. this former iraqi soldier was in the city during the american assault he lives just opposite this building totally destroyed during the bombing he noticed suspicious explosions. just a little just after the bombing began the landscape changed going to see even the appearance of the sky chips the sky became kind of yellow it lasted for several days even the explosions rap mogul now i'm a fighter i was an officer in the iraqi army under the old regime i thought for
seven years in the war against iraq so carbs of missiles i've seen a lot of them i know what i'm talking about. for with these american bombs it was different because they exploded in which they produced something abnormal something that i don't think i've ever seen before. the strange bomb that this resident refers to contain white phosphorus. a chemical incendiary weapon often compared to the napalm used in vietnam. according to the geneva convention. civilians and civilian objects may not be attacked in any circumstances by incendiary bombs. basically the use of white phosphorus is banned and he populated zones the american army claims to have used it only to illuminate combat zones. yet in fallujah thousands of inhabitants were still in the city during the bombing
. although eunice arranges to meet me at the martyrs cemetery the former football stadium three thousand five hundred bodies are buried here resistance fighters and civilians alike. this is where all the units played football today he comes to meditate at the graves of former teammates now become martyrs. tonight he had to lie about some of the footballers who used to play in the stadium very clear to me that even the coach we called an old cowboy even he was killed by the americans and no i think thirteen players from the flu team are buried in their own football ground. this man is the caretaker of the cemetery one day in november two thousand and four while bearing the victims of the fighting he made a strange discovery. i did the americans brought the sadness
at first i thought it was humanitarian aid. but when i opened them just like found me again if enough that's a bonus and clothes intact their translator told me these corpses were americans. and that's why they give them the back when they come into. the caretaker recovered close to five hundred unidentified bodies a photograph each one before burying them in a cemetery. you know so and so we asked the doctors and they told us that if there were only bones in the clothing is intact then it's because of white phosphorus and what happened to this man. looks like it's due to a chemical weapon and god knows what it is but that's phosphorous to. there then the caretaker is in no doubt these men were killed by white phosphorus did the u.s. army use these weapons against the population what are these photos really hard to
find an answer i must go to the united states. far from iraq and it's ruined buildings boston. i made contact with russia putin a twenty seven year old former marine who fought it flew you know he looks like a teenager ross cocooning is already a war veteran traumatized by his experience he decided to testify oh. this is me this is in fallujah and i'm really embarrassed to say that i'm kind of posing for this picture. you know i had the bandana on and i wanted to look tough and you know this is the mentality that we had earlier and there. were tough war fighters and. you know these are the type of pictures i want to go home and tell my friends about. in fallujah ross was
a radio operator it was his job to relay information to the other soldiers he was there for on the front line before the ground siege actually began they feel that this was going to be the biggest battle since we city vietnam they were bombing the city really really heavily at this point and they put us on this hill outside the city kind overlooking it the night before before the ground siege began and at this point i remember very clearly seeing the white phosphorus and i remember very clearly having this weird feeling about it like this can't possibly be legal i remember seeing it lakes way down in the wind like this i asked a lieutenant close to me about it. i said hey is this is this legal and he said yes it's legal because we're using it as a smoke screen we're not using it offensively and there are thousands of civilians who couldn't leave the city so wherever we used it it was a strong possibility that this was going to land on civilians so white phosphorus
was indeed discharged above the population and i feel really guilty about it. now and i'm fully aware of how many people are hurt and how many people we killed so it's not easy to live with ross computing decided to quit the army after the battle of fallujah. he set up an association to make american public opinion aware of his experience as a soldier in iraq. i remember the in my unit there was very little curiosity about who these insurgents were everyone just seemed content with that we had heard about them being terrorists and benefits diehards and and see americans of all different sorts though ross computing denounces the use of white phosphorus others in the military or go out of it in march two thousand and five an american army major it's surprising revelations in this army review he claims that the use of white phosphorus proved highly effective. he adds that he used it willingly against the
insurgents the major refers to such to politicize shake and bake missions according to this officer white phosphorus was used in iraq to kill. given this damning evidence the international press seized upon the story. they would have to wait until november sixteenth two thousand and five for the american administration to officially admit to the media that the city was bought with white phosphorus. back to fallujah seven years after the bombing the population is convinced that white phosphorus is still killing. such is the case with khalifa he lives in the neighborhood one of the hardest hit by the bombing. in two thousand and five founded the first charity for war victims. is aimed to gather as
much information as possible beginning with these files on sick children how. this child for example developed a brain tumor just after the bombing back in two thousand and four. and it's the same in this case there's a not a serious malformation problem from birth. so we record the information and we establish a medical file and then we send it off to the doctors and charities. all we really want to try and do is find a solution and you know and help these poor families. and it's a modest office doesn't have extensive resources not even a computer on which to record all this information he seems overtaken by events you know we know absolutely nothing about any of these diseases before when the americans came here they were supposed to bring us modernity and stead of us back
to the stone age scenario. coolio agreed to supply us with the files of sick children he says that most cases of rare illnesses concern children under ten like . he was born after the two thousand and four attacks with a serious note from ation he is the first case of his type and his family. so you know many of us about what i knew also and he was operated on when he was forty seven days old the house we lived in was bombed in shock when we returned i cleaned the place entirely and maybe it was because of that i don't know your house was bombed during the battle yes it was hit by a missile and half the house was destroyed i can torment and the living room my bedroom all of it was destroyed the furniture to it all we had left was what we're
wearing was this wardrobe we rebuilt everything ourselves one year later my and my son was born with a malformation and i was told it was linked to the bombing how long did you stay in that house q years we left the house a year after i gave birth. why are children who were not alive during the war and who were therefore not exposed directly to white phosphorus victims now from ations what do the iraqi authorities say is it a public health problem in fallujah only the ministry of the environment was willing to talk to us. that the truth is we haven't been able to do any environmental servers i mean it was impossible to carry out any tests at all the bombing started in two thousand and four then once again in two thousand and five and two thousand and six all the way up until two thousand and ten it was only
in two thousand and ten that the americans left the city. and at that time if a citizen bent down to pick something up for example may look like a potential bomber and an american sniper might even shoot. and that happened several times i can tell you. all this to say it was not impossible for us to go to any of these zones with our quitman and carry out our tests it was far too dangerous in fallujah nobody has the means to investigate the causes of these illnesses not even the iraqi ministry of the environment. this upsurge in deformed children isn't among the authorities priorities. but former rebel stronghold has been sidelined by its own government a code of silence raids and forger. since
the end of the war just one study has shed some light on this it was carried out in fallujah in two thousand and nine and was published in a major medical review. this document contains worrying results about the rise in the number of the four babies a reveal an explosion in such cases since two thousand and five one year after the battle of two thousand and four. aberystwyth on the west coast of wales the author of this paper is professor chris bugs me a british scientist specializing in radioactivity. he secretary of the european committee on radiation risks. chris busby is a regular mainstream media guest in his black berry he has become an easily recognizable figure on the b.b.c. or al-jazeera he was recently consulted on the consequences of the nuclear crisis at fukushima. unlike the iraqi authorities he
has investigated in florida but the way around that is to just knock on the door and say scuse me unmasking have you how many people got cancer here in the last five years and he lives it and it's very simple because if you know who lives and how old they are you can you can then predict how many cancers they should have on the basis of the national average of the rates and so on and just compare the numbers they report on the one divided by the other those of us of risk. so you did you frank you. told you no way i would put too many people after my cut so i'm not going to construct cost of probability here so. i'm not hoping others that you know well all i did was i told them what to do i said look i'll tell you what to do i'll create the questionnaire. based on the ones i've done and even for an iraqi team recruited by christmas plans the task was complicated some places they were too they got beaten up because they sort of from the secret service of the state or
something so then we had to start sending people around with some local person that everybody knew council or something and after that it was ok and we just finished it when the iraqi government found out about it and then they put out something on the television saying to the terrorists and anybody who answered the questions was go to jail. it is too late we've done it he said the world was on top of the question there chris busby asked for samples of soil and water samples of residents here were also taken a test results are astonishing. daley's has samples on the soil samples of we measured sixty two just another ones so we had to struggle among barium near dimmy a month and cobalt and. cesium and calcium and you name it we looked at it and what we found was that the only element that could explain that level of congenital malformation was cancer was you're right. he believes
it's not the white phosphorus that is harming the inhabitants of flu just put your radio. so frizzes influential the race of. the race if you came in for example the thirty eight times the expense of a. breast cancers more than ten times chose cancers fourteen times i forget the exact details but the shoes and this is not nothing that you have ever found in any every day milos study anywhere ever this is what the highest rate of of genetic damage in any population ever study is worse and erosion. why is for loser compared to here oshima how did uranium come to be in the city official no nuclear weapons were used in fallujah.
to go through my life and. you know more than thirty percent of the people who are actually in texas are not. like you know you've been known to afterwards tonight. this is next you know we execute our convicted capital murder we have the highest execution rate in america we're not afraid to do it we do it well this becomes a point we don't becomes. i ever knew i hope. i would get a letter you dead to be executed next week then as if you're scaring on the dudes who know you can loose here might be appearing to be in a manner of me saying that's and it's time to go. through our group. and i would lead them into the to the best chamber of. commerce trade till after they were dead.